Chapter summary and practice

In this chapter, we learned how to use and describe common activities using verbs. We also learned how to make or suggest plans by using the 「~たい」 and volitional form. Finally, we learned the concept of verb clauses and how to use them to create more complicated sentences.

Here is a short list of examples using the various conjugations we learned in this chapter.

Verb Conjugation Examples
Plain Negative Polite Negative Polite
Ru-verb 食べる 食べない 食べます 食べません
U-verb 飲む まない みます みません
Verbs ending in 「う」 買う わない* 買います 買いません
Exception ある ない* あります ありません
Exception する しない* ます* ません*
Exception くる(来る) こない* ます* ません*

* = exceptions

Future plans and routine activities

In this chapter, we learned how to use verbs to talk about things we do or do not do. The verbs, by themselves, do not have a specific tense so they can be used to describe activities in the future or an unspecified time.

With the grammar we learned in this chapter, we now know how to make plans with other people and talk about what kind of things we do on a regular basis. Here is a long list of vocabulary describing various times in addition to the ones we already learned for days of the week. Though the vocabulary list is rather long, you’ll notice that it’s mostly different combinations of the same Kanji such as 「日」 for day.

  1. 昨日 【きのう】 – yesterday
  2. 今日 【きょう】 – today
  3. 明日 【あした】 – tomorrow
  4. 毎日 【まい・にち】 – every day
  5. 先月 【せん・げつ】 – last month
  6. 今月 【こん・げつ】 – this month
  7. 来月 【らい・げつ】 – next month
  8. 毎月 【まい・つき】 – every month
  9. 去年 【きょ・ねん】 – last year
  10. 今年 【こ・とし】 – this year
  11. 来年 【らい・ねん】 – next year
  12. 毎年 【まい・とし】 – every year
  13. 朝 【あさ】 – morning
  14. 今朝 【け・さ】 – this morning
  15. 毎朝 【まい・あさ】 – every morning
  16. 昼 【ひる】 – afternoon
  17. 夜 【よる】 – evening
  18. 今夜 【こん・や】 – tonight
  19. 今晩 【こん・ばん】 – tonight
  20. 毎晩 【まい・ばん】 – every night
  21. ご飯 【ご・はん】 – rice; meal
  22. 朝ご飯 【あさ・ご・はん】 – breakfast
  23. 昼ご飯 【ひる・ご・はん】 – lunch
  24. 晩ご飯 【ばん・ご・はん】 – dinner
  25. 春 【はる】 – spring
  26. 夏 【なつ】 – summer
  27. 秋 【あき】 – autumn
  28. 冬 【ふゆ】 – winter
  29. 休み 【やす・み】 – rest, vacation
  1. 今日は、何をしようか?
    What shall (we) do today?
  2. どんな食べ物を食べたい?
    What kind of food do (you) want to eat?
  3. 昼ご飯は、何を食べましょうか?
    What shall we eat for lunch?
  4. 週末にたいてい何をするの?
    What do (you) usually do on weekends?
  5. 今年の冬休みに何か予定ありますか?
    Do (you) have some kind of plan this winter vacation?
  6. 来週末に映画を見に行くのは、どう?
    How (about) going to watch movie next weekend?
  7. 暇な時に何をするのが好きですか?
    What do (you) like to do when (you’re) free?

Writing Practice

If you have friends who speak Japanese, great! Next time you’re making plans either in an email or face-to-face, surprise your friend by using Japanese.

Otherwise, for your diary on paper or on Lang-8, you can talk about the kinds of things you do and activities you enjoy. For example, here is a short self-description of John Brown talking about the things he likes to do (or not).

I like sleeping the most

  1. 趣味 【しゅ・み】 – hobby
  2. 特に 【とく・に】 – particularly
  3. 寝る 【ね・る】(ru-verb) – to sleep
  4. 一番 【いち・ばん】 – #1; the best; -est
  5. 宿題 【しゅく・だい】 – homework
  6. 勉強 【べん・きょう】 – studies
  7. 話す 【はな・す】(u-verb) – to speak
  8. 漢字 【かん・じ】 – Kanji
  9. 発音 【はつ・おん】 – pronunciation
  10. 将来 【しょう・らい】 – future
  11. なるべく – as much as possible
  12. 楽 【らく】(na-adj) – with ease; comfortable
  13. 仕事 【し・ごと】 – work; job
  14. たくさん – a lot
  15. 働く 【はたら・く】 – to work
  16. どうする – what one should do (lit: how do)
  17. 時 【とき】 – when


Nice to meet you. My name is John Brown. As for (my) hobbies, there aren’t any particularly but (I) like sleeping the best. (I) don’t like doing things like homework and studying very much. But (I) like speaking in Japanese, you know. Because things like Kanji and pronunciation are interesting. (I) want to go to Japan sometime. As for in the future, (I) want to do a relaxing job as much as possible but everybody in Japan works a lot so what should (I) do? As expected, (I) want to go when (I’m) a student.

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